The four common types of differentials
If you ever heard a mechanic talk about a differential or this is the first time you are hearing about it, we understand it is a component of vehicles not often discussed. We will be covering what a differential is and the different types. Keep reading to learn more about it.
What is a differential?
Connecting the wheels together, a differential takes power from the engine and sends it to the wheels. Different types control how much or little power makes it to the wheels. There are four common types of differentials on the market – open, locking, limited-slip and torque-vectoring.
What are the four types?
- Open differential – As one of the more common types of differentials which is found in most family sedans and economy cars, the open differential splits the engine torque in two and allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds.
- Locking differential – Also known as a welded differential, this connects the wheels so they go at the same speed. This made turning a little more difficult. Most full-sized trucks have this type of differential.
- Limited-slip differential – Found in sports cars, the limited-slip differential acts like an open differential by default. Once a wheel loses traction, then it shifts to act as a locking differential so there is more traction and control on the road.
- Torque-vectoring differential – With additional gear trains, the torque-vectoring differential can fine-tune the amount of torque delivered to each wheel.
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