close up view of the differential

What are the common differentials in the auto market?

The four common types of differentials 

If you ever heard a mechanic talk about a differential or this is the first time you are hearing about it, we understand it is a component of vehicles not often discussed. We will be covering what a differential is and the different types. Keep reading to learn more about it. 

What is a differential? 

Connecting the wheels together, a differential takes power from the engine and sends it to the wheels. Different types control how much or little power makes it to the wheels. There are four common types of differentials on the market – open, locking, limited-slip and torque-vectoring. 

close up view of the differential

What are the four types? 

  • Open differential – As one of the more common types of differentials which is found in most family sedans and economy cars, the open differential splits the engine torque in two and allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds. 
  • Locking differential – Also known as a welded differential, this connects the wheels so they go at the same speed. This made turning a little more difficult. Most full-sized trucks have this type of differential. 
  • Limited-slip differential – Found in sports cars, the limited-slip differential acts like an open differential by default. Once a wheel loses traction, then it shifts to act as a locking differential so there is more traction and control on the road.  
  • Torque-vectoring differential – With additional gear trains, the torque-vectoring differential can fine-tune the amount of torque delivered to each wheel.  

Read more tips and tricks: Where is the VIN located in my Porsche?

Have your vehicle serviced at Porsche Santa Clarita 

If your vehicle is having problems or you just need a tune-up, stopover at Porsche Santa Clarita in Santa Clarita, CA.  

Read more tips: Here is what you can expect while you wait for your vehicle to be serviced at Porsche Santa Clarita